The URobotics Program (Urology Robotics) was established
in 1996 with the purpose of advancing the technology used in Urology.
The lab is part of the Brady Urological
Institute (Urology Department at the Johns Hopkins Medicine) and
is located at the Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center.
We are a multi-disciplinary integrated team of students,
engineers, and clinicians working in partnership from the bench to
We collaborate with other departments in our institution (mostly with
radiology), around the country, and not the least internationally
for telesurgical cases. Any work cycle of the lab is initiated by
The URobotics lab is specialized in the development
of surgical robotic systems and especially in robotics for image-guided
intervention (IGI). Besides Urology the instruments and systems created
in the lab apply to a larger area of medical fields, especially to Interventional
Two things make our lab unique: first, is the unusual
interdisciplinary crossing of the engineering and urology disciplines,
and the second is the complex type of our manufacturing equipment, which
is rarely seen in research laboratories. We truly believe in the close
relationship between design and manufacturing, which are performed in
house by the same research team. This allows for not only for a achieving
short feedback cycle, but also for performing more advanced designs
and final products.
Our facilities have over 3,500 sqft of office, laboratory, and mechanical
workshop space. The workshop equipment includes several manual and
three computer controlled machine tools (CNC) for mechanical fabrication.
These are networked to the PC design stations in the lab next door
and make very accurate parts (down to 1µm) exactly representing
the 3D geometry of the parts that we design in the computer. We also
make the electronic control circuitry and write motion and image-guidance
software for our systems. For these, the lab is well utilized with
electronic tooling, testing equipment, and real-time 3D measurement
equipment. The most commonly used software is Pro/Engineer for design
and manufacturing (CAD/CAM) and C++ for programming.